OAS in appointment by request Peru to apply democratic charter

LIMA (HPD) – The Organization of American States announced that on Thursday it will hold an extraordinary meeting of its Permanent Council at the request of Peru, which requests to apply the Inter-American Democratic Charter to “preserve the legitimate exercise of power” in the South American country.

In a document posted on the OAS website, Secretary General Luis Almagro indicates that he received a request from the Peruvian government a week ago in order to apply two articles of the Charter to also maintain “democratic institutions.”

The Peruvian request to the OAS was made on October 12 by President Pedro Castillo and his Foreign Minister César Landa, the foreign ministry confirmed to The Associated Press.

In an 11-page letter posted on the OAS website, Peru asks to receive help “for the strengthening of democratic institutions.” It also requests that Almagro or the Permanent Council arrange visits to analyze the Peruvian political situation that will later culminate in adopting measures to strengthen democracy in the South American country.

Oscar Vidarte, professor of international relations at the Pontifical Catholic University of Peru, explains that the Castillo government is requesting that the OAS “play a role in ensuring democracy and can help create conditions for governability.”

“It implies a way out of the political crisis that is escalating and could escalate much more,” added Vidarte.

In a press release, the OAS indicated that the meeting of the Permanent Council will be held in the Hall of the Americas, at its headquarters in Washington. The first vice president and rapporteur for Peru of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, Guatemalan Stuardo Ralón, and Peruvian Foreign Minister César Landa will be presented. Ralón recently visited Peru.

Castillo has survived two vacancy attempts by the opposition in Congress and, in turn, Attorney General Patricia Benavides has filed a constitutional complaint with Parliament against the president in order to investigate and charge him with alleged corruption crimes.

At the same time, the attorney general conducts five preliminary investigations into Castillo for the alleged crimes of criminal organization and corruption, as well as another additional investigation into the president for alleged plagiarism of his master’s thesis in educational psychology in 2012.

The government has responded by denouncing the attorney general before Congress for alleged violation of the Constitution, abuse of authority and prevarication.

In Peru, a president cannot be accused during his government because the Constitution in its article 117 says that this only happens in case of treason against the country, dissolution of parliament for cases other than those allowed or not calling elections or preventing the functioning parliament or electoral bodies.

Castillo said last week in a conference with the international press that the attorney general’s decision seeks to execute “a new form of coup d’état” to remove him from power, which he came to through free and democratic elections in 2021.

In turn, the prosecution indicated earlier in Lima in a briefing with the international press that it has “more than 190 elements” that support the complaint against the president. The fiscal hypothesis affirms that Castillo leads a criminal organization and would have committed corruption.

According to the law, a parliamentary subcommittee will analyze the constitutional complaint of the attorney general and the president. The results could last two months and are uncertain because even within the 25-member subcommittee, neither the ruling party nor the opposition have a consolidated majority.

Castillo’s government began in 2021 and is scheduled to end on July 28, 2026.

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